Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery
Vol.26 No.3 2010 (206-218)

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Dunbar Ivy1) and Ben T Saji2)

1)Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado, USA and 2)Department of Pediatrics, Toho University, Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan


Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening disease whose prognosis has changed dramatically over the past decade since the introduction of new therapeutic agents as well as the off-label application of adult pulmonary hypertension specific therapies to children. Nevertheless, PAH still has no cure and the aim of treatment is to prolong survival by improving quality of life, symptoms, exercise capacity and hemodynamics. The selection of appropriate therapies for PH is complex and must be carefully chosen according to the etiology and pulmonary vasoreactivity. As insight advances into mechanisms responsible for the development of PAH, the introduction of novel therapeutic agents will hopefully further improve the outcome of this incurable disease.