Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery
Vol.26 No.4 2010 (274-279)

Full text PDF

Yasunaru Kawashima

National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center


Most of the congenital cardiac anomalies are now surgically treated. However, life-long strategies in some of these anomalies are still controversial or even unestablished. It is the purpose of this paper to prospect the answers for some of these questions based on the 50 years of experiences as a cardiac surgeon.