Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery
Vol.27 No.4 2011 (199-205)

Takashi Naganuma, Masaru Miura, Takuya Tamame, Shino Chinen, Megumi Matsuoka, Seiichirou Yokoyama, Hirotaka Ooki, Kazuhiko Shibuya

Division of Cardiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Children’s Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan


Background: The incidence of ectopic atrial tachycardia (EAT) is high among patients with supraventricular tachycardia in children, but its therapeutic strategy has not been established.
Methods: A retrospective review identified twelve children who had EAT without underlying heart disease from 1985 to 2008. We compared the clinical presentation, examination, and treatment in 6 infants (< 1 years old) and those in 6 school-aged children ( >= 7 years old).
Results: The number of symptomatic patient was one in infants and three in school-aged children. Electrocardiograms showed aberrant conduction in four infants with left bundle blanch block patterns and two school-aged children with right bundle blanch block patterns. The rate of response to pharmacological treatment was significantly higher in infants (100%) than in school-aged children (17%) (p = 0.015). Radiofrequency ablation was required in four school-aged children.
Conclusions: The present study suggests that beta-blockers are effective in infants with EAT. In school-aged children with EAT, however, antiarrhythmic agents are mostly ineffective, and radiofrequency ablation should be considered early.